R & E: A few begin to appear at the beginning of Oct., with numbers increasing rapidly by the end of the second week of Oct. Peak is in late Oct. and early Nov. Numbers remain relatively high until mid-Nov. in the north and until the end of the month in the south.

Aug. 8, 1994 - Injured and likely continuing from the spring
(1); Springfield; Greene Co.; Debbie Baker; 8th Annual MBRC Report; 1994-59. Bird was clearly injured and probably had been at this site since at least the spring migration.

Sept. 25, 1988 - Earliest fall record
(Immature); Big Lake SP, Holt Co.; Mark Robbins; R & E, BB 56[1]:16.

Sept. 30 - 2nd earliest fall record(s)
(3 separate sightings for Sept. 30); No specific locations given; R & E.

Oct. 7, 1927
(Female); Specimen (KU 39551); Saline Co.; R & E.

Oct. 10, 1920 - Earliest fall Z. l. gambelli record
(1); Kansas City; D. Teachenor; R & E, BL 22:360.



R & E: During winter, it is most common in the Mississippi Lowlands and the Ozarks and least common in the Glaciated Plains.

Dec. 26, 1971 - 2nd highest single day count
(258); Kansas City Southeast CBC; R & E.

Jan. 3, 1985 - Highest single day count
(267); Mingo CBC; R & E.



R & E: Migrants begin appearing by mid-March, but it does not become prevalent unti mid-Apr. Peak is late Apr and early May. By mid-May few remain.


May 6, 1956 - Latest spring Z. l. gambelli record
(1); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Floyd Lawhon; R & E.

May 22, 1907 - Latest spring record
(Number not listed); St. Louis; No observer listed ; R & E, Widmann 1907.

June 20, 2008 - 1st summer record
(Adult); Photographed; St. Louis Zoo, City of St. Louis; Derek Eisenhart; 21st Annual MBRC Report, 2008-71. Possibly an injured individual.



Note: The northwestern race, Z. l. gambelii, is an uncommon transient and winter resident and winter in (at least in the western half of the state). Occasionally, it even outnumbers the nominate race (R & E). Significant records of Z. l. gambelii listed above.



Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.


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