March 22, 1916 - Earliest spring record
(1); Courtney, Jackson Co.; B. Bush; R & E, Harris 1919b.

April 11, 1992 - 3rd modern state record
(1); Between Reeds Spring and Galena, Stone Co.; J. Bair; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-17.

Apr. 21, 2013 - 12th modern state record
(One); Weldon Spring CA, St. Charles Co.; Christine Kirmaier; 26th Annual MBRC Report, 2013-29.

April 29, 1996 - 4th modern state record
(1); Farm Road # 170, Webster Co.; Betty Dyer; 9th Annual MBRC Report, 1996-20.

May 8, 1996 - 5th modern state record
(1); Trail of Tears SP, Cape Girardeau Co.; Neal Young; 9th Annual MBRC Report, 1996-32.



June 13-14, 2005 - 6th modern state record
(1); El Dorado Springs, Cedar Co.; Bill Neal, Mr. and Mrs. Norman Grant, Jan Neal; 18th Annual MBRC Report, 2005-32.

July 26, 1972 - 1st modern state record
(1); near Bakersfield, Ozark Co.; D. Kee et al; R & E, BB 40[1]:6.

July 28, 2012 - 11th modern state record
(1); Clarence Cannon NWR, Pike Co.; Joe Eades (documentation), David Becher, Bill Duncan; 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2012-38.



Aug. 6-28, 2006 - 7th modern state record
(Probable juvenile); Photographed; Busch CA, St. Charles Co.; Charlene Malone, David Easterla, Al Smith, Ron Goetz et al; 19th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-67; Originally found by Charlene Malone on August 10. However, 2nd hand reports from Busch CA personnel suggested that the bird was present since Aug. 6.
Photographed here,
19 August 2006,
by Joshua Uffman

Aug. 7, 1872 - Highest single day count
(Over 40); Male specimen (Hurter 1884; STSC); St. Louis, Co. not listed; Observer not listed; R & E; Over 40 birds present for over a week.

Aug. 11, 2011 - 10th modern state record
(1); Along the Eleven Point River, Oregon Co.; Mary Blanks (documentation), Tom Haney; 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-65.

Aug. 14, 2013 - 13th modern state record
(1); Routes O and 72, Phelps Co. Larry Houf (documentation), Garry Houf. 27th Annual MBRC Report, 2013-54.

Aug. 24, 1975 - 2nd modern state record
(1); north of Willard, Greene Co.; Observer not listed; R & E, Collins 1975.

Aug. 17, 2010 - 9th modern state record
(1); south of Harrisonville, Cass Co.; Geoff Wolfe; 23rd Annual MBRC Report, 2010-63.

Sept. 4, 1906 - 2nd latest fall record
(1); Courtney, Jackson Co.; B. Bush; R & E, Harris 1919b.

Sept. 5, 2008 - 8th modern state record and latest fall record
(Adult); Along the Mississippi River, Mississippi Co.; Found by Mark Monroe and documented by Brainard Palmer-Ball; also observed by Eddie Huber and photographed by all three observers; 22nd Annual MBRC Report, 2008-87. Bird was observed by all three on the Kentucky side of the river.



R & E (1992): Formerly this species was of regular occurrence throughout the state, but it was apparently most abundant in the cypress swamps in the southeastern corner and along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Widmann (1907) stated that it "is a regular, though, not numerous, summer resident nesting in cypress swamps." He also mentioned breeding records for Clark Co. and for the Kansas City area.

R & E (1992): Bush (in Harris 1919b) apparently had the last nesting record for the state: two pairs bred near Courtney, Jackson Co., in the summer of 1912. The latest record (Harris 1919b): two birds near Courtney were first seen on July 8, 1919 and remained in the area for two weeks. Shortly thereafter it apparently became extirpated as a breeder.

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