April 16, 1986 - Earliest spring record
(2); below Greer Springs along the Eleven Point River, Oregon Co.; Jim Wilson, R & E

April 18, 1974
(1); Big Oak Tree SP, Mississippi Co.; Jim Haw; R & E.

April 22, 1950 - North of expected range
(1); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; M. Tuttle; R & E, BB 18[1]:1.

April 23, 1973 - North of expected range
(1); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; Phoebe Snetsinger; R & E, NN 45:67.

May 3, 1981 - North of expected range
(1); south of Westphalia, Osage Co.; JoAnn Garrett, J. Warner; R & E, BB 48[3]:20.

May 8-9, 1993 - One of few records for this far west and north
(1); Voice recording; Ritter Spring SP, Greene Co.; Rebecca Matthews, Connie Tyndall et al; 7th Annual MBRC Report, 1993-18.

May 22, 1977 - North of expected range
(1); Gray Summit, Franklin Co.; Ron Goetz; R & E, BB 44[4]:27.

June 5, 1964
(1); Specimen (NWMSU, DAE 584); near Big Oak Tree SP, Mississippi Co.; David Easterla; R & E.

June 17, 1972
(5 pairs); Big Oak Tree SP, Mississippi Co.; Jim Haw, R & E; BB 39[4]:10. (R & E) Had not been recording breeding at this location since the early 1970's when much of the cane was degraded by mowing.

July 10-11, 2005 - Northern most record and 1st summer occurrence of this species away from its usual extreme southern MO breeding range
(1); Photographed/ Videotaped; Martha Lafite Thompson Nature Center, Clay Co.; Doug Willis, Craig Hensley, Terry Swope, Linda Williams; 18th Annual MBRC Report, 2005-51; Habitat was upland woods - which is uncharacteristic of this species habitat in MO. Bird sang persistently and may have been on site since June, according to one observer.

Photograph compliments of
Linda Williams


R & E (1992): The importance of cane to this species was recognized by Widmann (1895a); he first found the bird breeding in Dunklin Co. in 1894.

R & E (1992): Rare summer resident along river floodplains in the southern two tiers of counties, accidental elsewhere, with most breeding birds concentrated along the Eleven Point and Current rivers in stands of cane. There are several additional extralimital sightings, all south of the Missouri River in the eastern edge of the Ozarks or Ozark Border.

R & E (1992): Surveys commenced in the early 1980's by the MDC have revealed that this species is more common and widespread, although still rare and local, than originally believed.



Sept. 3, 1968
(3); Big Oak Tree SP, Mississippi Co.; Jim Haw; R & E.

Sept. 12, 1989
(1); western Taney Co.; Brad Jacobs; R & E, BB 57[1]:50.

Sept. 16-17, 1972 - Latest fall record
(1); Busch CA, St. Charles Co.; J. and N. Strickling; R & E, BB 40[1]:9.



Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.


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