R & E (1992): The first migrants appear in the south during the third week of April. Birds arrive in the north at the end of April.

April 17, 1977
(1); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; Claudia Spener; R & E, NN 49:39.

May 19, 1968
(male); Specimen (NWMSU, PER 50); near Maryville, Nodaway Co.; R & E.

R & E (1992): BBS data indicate that this species is most common in the Ozarks and Ozark Border and least common in the Mississippi Lowlands.

R & E (1992): In fall most common during mid-Sept., with smaller numbers (1-2/day) through the first week of Oct.

Sept. 11, 1964 - Highest Fall single day count
(5); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; Steve Hanselmann; R & E, BB 31[4]:18.

Oct. 12, 1981
(Female); St. Joseph, Buchanan Co.; Leo Galloway; R & E, BB 49[1]:15.

Oct. 14, 1906
(1); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; No observer listed; R & E, Widmann 1907.

Dec. 13, 2010 - Jan. 25, 2011 - 2nd winter record
(Apparent immature male); Photographed; Imperial, Jefferson Co.; Photographs by homeowner, Claudia Pilcher, were conveyed to MBRC by Michael Zeloski. 24th Annual MBRC Report 2011-30.

Dec. 19, 2003 - Jan. 7, 2004 - 1st winter record
(Male); Photographed; near Savannah, Andrew Co.; Dr. R. F. Claxton; 17th Annual MBRC Report, 2004-28.

Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.