Note: At time of R & E there were at least seven winter records: Four during the last two weeks of Dec., one in mid-Feb, and two from Jan.
Dec. 11, 1991 - Eastern MO record
(Immature); Mingo NWR, Bollinger and Stoddard Co's.; V. Moss et al; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-63.
Dec. 14, 1991
(3); Montrose CA, Henry Co.; Vernon Elsberry; 6th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-43.
Dec. 15, 1990 - ~ 8th winter record
(2); Montrose CA, Henry Co.; Vernon Elsberry et al; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-37.
Mid-Dec. 1994 - mid-Jan. 1995 - Central MO record
(Adult); near Columbia, Boone Co.; Paul McKenzie et al; 8th Annual MBRC Report, 1995-2. Because of similar leg injuries, this was almost certainly the same individual that wintered at this location for two consecutive winters.
Dec. 21, 1991 - March 25, 1992 - ~10th winter record and a Central MO record
(1); Diagnostic prints; southeast of Columbia, Boone Co.; P. McKenzie, T. Barksdale et al; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-3. Probably the same bird that was involved in record 1991-8.
Dec. 21, 1996-Feb. 8, 1997 - Central MO record
(Adult); Philips Lake, Boone Co.; Edge Wade, Paul McKenzie, et al; 10th Annual MBRC Report, 1997-05.
Dec. 26, 1991 - Eastern MO record
(1); Mingo NWR Stoddard Co.; Steve Dilks; 6th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-42.
Dec. 30, 1991 - ~11th winter record
(Adult and immature); north of Lowman, Cole Co.; J. Wilson; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1996-2.
Jan. 1-27, 1991 - ~9th winter record and a Central MO record
(1); Diagnostic prints; southeast of Columbia, Boone Co.; D. Hardesty, P. McKenzie, T. Barksdale et al; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-8. Probably the same bird that was involved in record 1992-3.
Jan. 11-12, 1961 - Eastern MO record
(1); Mingo NWR, Bollinger and Stoddard Co's.; A. Hanke et al; R & E, BB 28:19.
Late Jan. 1920
(1); Shot; Marionville, Lawrence Co.; J. Neff; R & E, BL 22:169.
Feb. 2, 2003 - Eastern MO record
(7); Ste. Genevieve Co.; Joe Eades, Jim Malone; 16th Annual MBRC Report, 2003-21. At the time of this observation the species was listed as casual in eastern MO, now considered rare statewide.
Feb.18, 2002 - 3rd highest single day count in Eastern MO
(42); Duck Creek CA, Bollinger and Stoddard Co's.; Neal Young; 15th Annual MBRC Report, 2002-18; Birds had been reported to be at this location the preceding three weeks; and a flock of 70 the previous year. Note: Report of 70 the previous year at this location is assumed the 2nd highest single day count in Eastern MO.
Feb. 27, 1977 - Earliest spring record in Northern MO
(7); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Turlin; R & E, BB 44:25.
Feb.-May 15, 1996 - 1st recorded nesting attempt and 2nd summer record
(2 adults, nesting attempt. Flood water destroyed the nest and eggs); Photographed; Grand Pass CA, Saline Co.; Mike McClure, Brad Jacobs; 10th Annual MBRC Report, 1996-34.
R & E: Formerly much more common (Widmann 1907; Harris 1919b), but today it is rare and not even recorded every spring. Most observations are during the last two weeks of March, with a few sightings in early April.
March 5, 2010 - 4th highest single day count in Eastern MO
(39); Otter Slough CA, Stoddard Co.;Chris Barrigar; 23rd Annual MBRC Report, 2010-29. A rare transient and winter visitor; one of the largest flocks reported in eastern Missouri in modern times.
March 15, 1979 - Highest single day count
(100); James A. Reed CA, Jackson Co.; B. Eastman; R & E, BB 46:7.
April 14, 1972 - 5th highest single day count in Eastern MO
(30); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; J. Strickling; R & E, BB 39:6.
April 15, 1974
(First-year male); Specimen (NWMSU, DLD 111); near Rosendale, Andrew Co.; Jack Hilsabeck, David Easterla; R & E.
April 24, 1990 - Eastern MO Record
(3); St. Francois Co.; Stephen Dilks; 3rd Annual MBRC Report, 1990-30.
April 27, 2001 - This record moved this species status to rare in Eastern MO
(1); Photographed; RMBS, St. Charles Co.; Paul Bauer; 15th Annual MBRC Report, 2002-14.
May 8, 2004
(2, heard only); NAMC record; Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; David Easterla, Kirby Goslee, Derek Graupman; 17th Annual MBRC Report, 2004-46.
May 6-July 7, 2000 - 2nd record nesting attempt
(2 birds May 6-June 19, 2000, 1 bird still present on July 7, 2000); Photographed; Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; David Easterla, Rick Speer et al.; 13th Annual MBRC Report, 2000-56. Possibility these birds nested on the refuge.
May 14, 1994 - Late spring record
(1); Swan Lake NWR, Chariton Co.; Jim Rowoth and Kyle Bentley; 8th Annual MBRC Report, 1994-49.
May 14-16, 2011 - 4th documented nesting attempt, and possibly the first that was successful
(2 adults and 2 colts); Eagle Bluffs CA, Boone Co.; Documented by Ryan Douglas, Paul McKenzie; 24th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-42.
May 16, 2006 - 3rd record nesting attempt
(2 cranes and 2 eggs); Photographed; Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Frank Durbian, Brian Lomas; 19th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-69. Two cranes were observed, and two eggs were laid before the nest was abandoned.
May 18, 1854 - Late spring record
(2); between Utica and Lexington; No observer listed; R & E, Hoy 1865.
June 4, 2005
(1); BK Leach CA, Lincoln Co.; Brian Loges, Mary Smidt, Dan Curran, Mike Thelan; 18th Annual MBRC Report, 2005-47.
June 23, 1981
(2); Ted Shanks CA, Pike Co.; J. Boyles; R & E, BB 48:24. Only summer record mentioned in R & E.
July-September 2006 - 1st southern MO summer record
(1); Photographed; rural yard near Sikeston, Scott Co.; Leslie Kollier; 20th Annual MBRC Report, 2007-16. Landowner, Mr. Darrell Gossett, said It had been present for over 6 weeks, using both farm fields and his yard with little fear of nearby humans.
July 4, 2007
(2); Grand Pass CA, Saline Co.; Scott Schuette, Phil Wire; 21st Annual MBRC Report; 2008-14.
July 8, 2012 - 2nd southern MO summer record
(1); Mingo NWR, Wayne Co.; Chris Barrigar (heard only); 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2012-56.
July 16, 2006
(1); Photographed; Winfield Lock and Dam, Lincoln Co.; Charlene and Jim Malone; 19th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-64.
July 29 and various dates throughout summer 2006
(4); Photographed; BK Leach - King's Lake Unit; Lincoln Co.; Tom Borman, Dave Rogles; 19th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-66. Very possible record 2006-64 was one of the birds from this group of 4.
R & E (1992): The majority of records are from mid-Oct. through mid-Nov. Less than 5 records for eastern MO at time of R & E.
Aug. 10-17, 1962 - Earliest fall record
(1); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Harold Burgess et al; R & E, BB 29:24.
Sept. 6-Oct. 28, 1991 - 2nd earliest fall record
(2); Grand Pass CA, Saline Co.; M. McClure et al; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-49.
Sept. 24, 1997
(1); East of Springfield, Greene Co.; Greg Swick; 11th Annual MBRC Report, 1998-01.
Oct. 4, 1990 - Ties highest single day count and an Eastern MO record
(100); Terre Du Lac in Bonne Terre, St. Francois Co.; Hal Ferris; R & E and 4th Annual MBRC Report, 1990-56.
Oct.-Dec. 20, 1996
(Adult); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; David Easterla et al.; 10th Annual MBRC Report, 1997-08.
Oct. 27, 1919 - 2nd highest single day count in Western MO
(27); Missouri River above Kansas City; No observer listed; R & E, BL 21:54.
Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time. This species is more expected in western MO.