R & E (1992): The first arrivals appear during the last week of Sept.; however, it usually is not detected until the second week of Oct. and does not become numerous until the end of the third week of Oct. Remains fairly common through the mid-Nov., but by the end of the month most migrants have left.

Sept. 16, 1990 - Earliest fall record
(1); Swan Lake NWR, Chariton Co.; Bob Fisher et al; R & E.

Sept. 24, 1979 - 2nd earliest fall record
(2); Cleveland, Cass Co.; C. Swink, M. Stephens; R & E, BB 47[1]:26.



R & E (1992): In winter, most common in Ozarks and Ozark Border and least abundant in the Mississippi Lowlands, Glaciated and Osage plains.

Dec. 31, 1976 - 2nd highest single day count
(309); Sullivan CBC; R & E.

Jan. 7, 1981 - Highest single day count
(1500 - 2000); Lewis Co.; R. DeCoster; R & E, AB 35:06.



R & E (1992): The winter population begins to be supplemented with migrants by the end of Feb., but numbers do not increase dramatically until mid-March. Peak is at end of March in the south and in early April in the north.
Small-sized flocks (< 20 birds) are regularly encountered into early May, and an occasional bird is seen into the second week of May.

April 24, 1920
(Male); Specimen (CMC 345); Fayette, Howard Co.; R & E.

May 19, 1907
(Number unknown); St. Louis; No observer listed; R & E, Widmann 1907.

May 23, 1983 - 2nd latest spring record
(Number unknown); Springfield , Greene Co.; Catherine Bonner; R & E, BB 50[3]:14.

May 24-25, 2008 - Latest spring record
(Female); Residential feeder in Boaz, Christian Co.; Marilyn Owens; 21st Annual MBRC Report, 2008-70.



Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.


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