R & E: More frequently encountered during the fall than at any other season. The first individuals are seen in early September. Peak is at the very end of September and early October.

Aug. 3, 2004 - Earliest fall record
(Female or juvenile that showed characters of the F. c. richardsonii); Mud Lake, Buchanan Co.; Larry Lade, Steve Kinder; 17th Annual MBRC Report, 2004-65.

Aug. 31, 1968
(1); Creve Coeur Lake, St. Louis Co.; Richard Anderson; R & E, BB 36[2]:16.

Sept. 19, 1935
(Male); Specimen (MU 214); Columbia, Boone Co.; No observer listed; R & E.

Sept. 29, 1988
(Female, race richardsonii); Maryville Sewage Lagoon, Nodaway Co.; Mark Robbins, David Easterla; R & E, BB 56[1]:13.

Sept. 30, 1978 - High single day count
(4); No location listed; Richard Anderson et al.; R & E, BB 46[1]:23.

Oct. 3, 1978
(1, race richardsonii); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Mark Robbins; R & E, BB 46[1]:23.

Oct. 4-5, 1986 - High count
(9); Lake of the Ozarks SP, Miller Co.; m. obs.; R & E.

Oct. 31, 1989
(Female, race richardsonii); extreme western Nodaway Co.; David Easterla; R & E, BB 57[1]:47.

R & E: It is regularly seen into November, but thereafter it is sporadically observed.



R & E: Records are statewide and span the entire period for the winter season. With the exception of the records below (at time of R & E) all observations involve single birds.

Dec. 27, 1979
(2); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Mark Robbins; R & E.

Jan. 2, 1983
(2); Orchard Farm CBC; Orchard Farm, St. Charles Co.; No observers listed; R & E.



R & E: A few begin to appear by early March and peak in early April. Birds are regularly seen through the first week in May, but thereafter is virtually absent from the state.

R & E: All spring reports (at time of R & E) are of single birds.

May 13, 1977 - 2nd latest spring record
(1); Schell-Osage CA, Vernon Co.; Jim Rathert; R & E, BB 44[4]:25.

May 14, 1988 - Latest spring record
(1); Hamilton, Caldwell Co.; Wade Leitner, Tim Barksdale, et al.; R & E.



No date given
(1, race richardsonii); Found dead; Billings, Stone Co.; R & E, Widmann 1907.



R & E: Two races have been recorded in Missouri. The vase majority of the birds are of the nominate race, but few observers have made racial determinations. At time of R & E there were only four definite records (all listed above) of the pale, western race richardsonii, but it undoubtedly it is more common than these few records indicate.



Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.



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