R & E: Arrives first in the Mississippi Lowlands where it is seen as early as the second week of April. Solitary birds are usually seen in the St. Louis area by the third week of April. Peak in the southeast is during early May.

March 22, 2008 - Earliest spring record
(Adult male); Photographed; Tywappity Community Lake, Scott Co.; Chris Barrigar; 21st Annual MBRC Report, 2008-37.

March 24, 2008 - 2nd earliest spring record
(Adult male); Forest Park, St. Louis City; Rick Haeseler; 21st Annual MBRC Report, 2008-42.

April 2, 1897 - 3rd earliest spring record
(1); Dunklin Co.; No observer listed; R & E, Widmann 1907.

April 15, 1979
(1); St. Louis; J. Dunham et al; R & E, NN 51:45.

April 15, 1987
(1); Kennett, Dunklin Co.; H. Schanda; R & E.

May 9, 1946 - Spring single day high count
(12); Big Oak Tree SP, Mississippi Co.; Walter Cunningham; R & E, AM 48:114.

May 11, 1986
(Male); Specimen (MCZ 257065); Dunklin Co.; R & E.

May 19, 1986 - 2nd highest spring single day count
(8); Eleven Point River, Oregon Co.; Jim Wilson; R & E, BB 49[3]:22.

Note: At time of R & E there were only three spring records in the extreme northeast corner (all of males in May).

June 26, 1988 - Highest single day count
(15); Eleven Point River, below Greer Crossing, Oregon Co.; Robert Brundage; R & E.

July 3-7, 1976 - Northwestern MO record
(Singing male); St. Joseph, Buchanan Co.; John Hamilton, fide Floyd Lawhon; R & E, BB 44[2]:21.

July 8, 2003 - First possible breeding record in northwest MO
(Male and female); Brickyard Hill CA, Atchison Co.; David Easterla, Tommie Rogers; 16th Annual MBRC Report, 2003-45.
Observation of male and female together constitutes indirect evidence of breeding.

R & E: Widmann (1907) mentions that it was common in the Mississippi Lowlands, "fairly common in the Ozarks, Ozark border and in the bluff as well as bottom lands of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers." He found the bird during the breeding season as far north as Platte Co. Today it is quite local in the Mississippi Lowlands and not known to breed along the Missouri River drainage. It is most common along the Ozark streams and river in the southern two tiers of counties.

R & E: Most of the summer residents have left by the end of August. Most of the migrants (birds seen away from breeding grounds) are are seen primarily at the end of August through the first half of Sept.

Aug. 21, 1977 - Northwestern MO record
(1); Trimble, now Clay Co.; Sebastian Patti, M. Myers; R & E, BB 45[1]:28.

Sept. 10, 2006 - Northwestern MO record
(Adult male); Weston Bend SP, Platte Co.; Kristi Mayo; 20th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-72.

Sept. 26, 1968 - 3rd latest fall record
(3); Noel, McDonald Co.; V. Cronquist; R & E, AFN 23:65.

Sept. 28, 1895 - 3rd latest fall record
(Female or young male); Photographed; Tower Grove Park, St. Louis City; Chrissy McClarren (documentation with photographs); 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2012-48.

Oct. 3, 2012 - 2nd latest fall record
(Number not listed); Dunklin Co.; No observer listed; R & E, Widmann 1907.

Oct. 20, 1984 - Latest fall record
(1); Columbia, Boone Co.; Ike Adams; R & E, BB 52[1]:33.