R & E (1992): At all seasons, this species is encountered far more frequently in the western half of the state; nonetheless, it is regular in the east where observations almost invariably involve single birds.

R & E (1992): In fall, birds begin to appear in late August and appear to peak in late September, but smaller numbers can continue through early Nov. Individuals occasionally linger into early Dec.

Aug. 14, 1994 - Early fall record
(4 in non-nuptial plumage); Schell-Osage CA, Vernon Co.; Robert Fisher; 8th Annual MBRC Report,

Aug. 20, 1994 - Early fall record
(7 in non-nuptial plumage); Clarence Cannon NWR, Pike Co.; Dave Becher et al; 8th Annual MBRC Report, 1994-48.

Sept. 25, 1985 - Highest fall single day count
(23); Maryville Sewage Lagoons , Nodaway Co.; Mark Robbins; R & E, BB 40[4]:2.

Dec. 1, 1974
(Male); Specimen (NWMSU, DLD 144); Mayville Sewage Lagoons, Nodaway Co. ; R & E.

Dec. 3, 2014 - Jan. 18, 2015 - 13th winter record
(1); Table Rock Lake Dam, Taney Co.; Greg Swick (documentation with photographs), Steve and Debbie Martin (photographs); 28th Annual MBRC Report, 2015-8.

Dec. 6, 1982
(1); Lake Jacomo, Jackson Co.; Bob Fisher; R & E, BB 50[2]:22.

Dec. 14-15, 2014 - 14th winter record
(1); Binder Lake, Jefferson Co.; Chris Barrigar and Kathleen Anderson (documentation with photographs), Sandra Elbert (photographs); 28th Annual MBRC Report, 2015-10.

Dec. 16, 2006 - 9th winter record
(1); Photographed; CBC record; Fellow's Lake, Greene Co.; David Ringer, Charley Burwick, Marvin DeJong, Bob Ranney, Greg Swick;
20th Annual MBRC Report, 2006-83.

Dec. 16, 2011 - 10th winter record
(1); Mozingo Lake, Nodaway Co.; David Easterla (documentation), Zach Hutchinson; 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-91.

Dec. 18, 1998 - 6th winter record
(1); Four Rivers CA, Vernon Co. ; Chris Hobbs, Eric Preston; 12th Annual MBRC Report, 1999-14.

Dec. 18, 2001 - 8th winter record
(1); CBC record ; Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Brad Jacobs, Ron Bell; 15th Annual MBRC Report, 2001-80.

Dec. 19, 1998 - 7th winter record
(1); Lake Jacomo, Jackson Co.; Robert Fisher; 12th Annual MBRC Report, 1999-81.

Dec. 20, 2014 - 15th winter record
(2); CBC Record; Smithville Lake, Clay Co.; Mary Nemecek (documentation with photographs), Kristi Mayo, Eric Viera, Paula Noble; 28th Annual MBRC Report, 2015-12.

Dec. 22, 2012 - 12th winter record
(1); Smithville Lake, Clay Co. CBC record; Kristi Mayo (documentation), m.ob; 26th Annual MBRC Report, 2012-77. This individual was
probably the same one reported on Smithville Lake 11-16 December 2012.

Dec. 28, 1991 - 3rd winter record
(1); Table Rock Lake, Taney Co.; Tim Barksdale ; 6th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-40.

Dec. 29, 1991 - Feb. 4, 1992 - 4th winter record
(1); Smithville Lake, Clay Co.; Tim Barksdale, Robert Fisher; 6th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-36, 1991-2.

Jan. 2, 1995 - 5th winter record
(1 in non-alternate plumage); Duck Creek CA, Bollinger Co.; Karen Adams, Sue Greenberg, Roger Hitson;
9th Annual MBRC Report, 1995-50.

Jan. 31, 1992 - 2nd winter record
(1 in nuptial plumage); Mingo NWR, Stoddard Co.; R. Lewis; 5th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-9.

Feb. 10, 1991 - 1st winter record
(1); Stockton Lake, Cedar Co.; Tim Barksdale; 4th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-16.

R & E: The first individuals begin appearing by mid-March, but the bulk of the migrants do not appear until the end of Apr;
peak normally occurs in mid-May. A few birds may linger through the end of May.

March 14, 1961 - Earliest spring record
(1); Columbia, Boone Co.; David Easterla; R & E

March 14, 1974 - Ties earliest spring record
(2 in nuptial plumage); Creve Coeur Lake, St. Louis Co.; R. Laffey, Jim Earl Comfort et al; R & E, NN 46:55.

May 12, 1978 - Single day high count
(130+); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; J. Brady; R & E. Followed several days of strong WSW winds, when this species was seen on many medium to large-sized bodies of water in the northwestern corner of the state.

May 14, 1978
(23); Maryville Sewage Lagoons , Nodaway Co.; Mark Robbins, Tim Barksdale; R & E, BB 45[3]:14.
This sighting followed the May 12, 1978 sighting by two days.

May 15, 1981 - Second single day high count
(39); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; Floyd Lawhon, Mark Robbins; R & E, BB 48[3]:16;
R & E notes that this high count was made under more normal conditions than the May 12, 1978 sighting.

Note: At time of R & E there were at least seven June (no July) records from the northwestern corner.
Only one of the June records is listed below.

June 17, 1973 - Latest June record
(1); Maryville Sewage Lagoons, Nodaway Co.; Mark Robbins, BB 40[4]:2.

July 18, 2005 - 1st July record
(1); Four Rivers CA, Vernon Co. ; Larry Lade, Steve Kinder, Jack Hilsabeck, Tommie Rogers; 18th Annual MBRC Report, 2005-55.

Note: Any significant transient observations since R & E will be added at a later time.