R & E: The first individuals appear at the end of April and peak during the second week of May. Migrants are seen throughout May.
April 20, 1990 - Earliest spring record
(1); Farmington, St. Francois Co.; Bob Lewis; R & E.
April 23, 1885
(1); Mt. Carmel, Audrian Co.; Mrs. Musick; R & E, Widmann 1907.
May 8, 1983
(8); Forest Park, St. Louis City; Randy Korotev; R & E.
May 18, 1963 - Highest single day count
(40); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; No observer listed; R & E, Hanselmann 1963.
May - June 1978 - Suspected breeding
(2 territorial males and two nest located); One nest at NWMSU; Along a powerline right-of-way, Dent Co.; R & E, Evans 1980.
R & E: Widmann (1907) state that it "has repeatedly been found breeding in eastern MO in places with hazel, blackberry and scrub-oak."
With definite records for the following counties: St. Louis, Iron, and Audrain.
June 5-8, 2014
(Adult male); Domke residence, New Bloomfield, Callaway Co.; Henry Domke; 27th Annual MBRC Report, 2014-48. Probably
to be considered a record-late spring migrant, not a potential breeding bird.
Summer 1893 - Nesting
(2 nests/eggs collected); Specimen (USNM 265520, 265530); St. Louis Co.; No observer listed; R & E.
Summer 1979 - Nesting
(2 nests located); One nest at NWMSU; Along a powerline right-of-way, Dent Co.; R & E, Evans 1980.
Same area as May - June 1978 record.
Summer 1984 - Suspected breeding
(Territorial male); near Eleven Point River, Oregon Co.; Jim Rathert; R & E, BB 51:17.
July 11-30, 1995
(Adult male); Reeds Spring, Stone Co.; Jane Fitzgerald; 9th Annual MBRC Report, 1995-61.
R & E: This species undoubtedly is a more regular breeder in the eastern section of the Ozarks and
Ozark Border than the few records indicate.
R & E: A few migrants reappear at the very end August, and numbers increase to peak in mid-September. Birds are regularly seen,
although in much small numbers, through the first week of October. However, birds are only casually observed thereafter.
Aug. 16, 1964 - Earliest fall record
(1); Kansas City, Jackson Co.; Elizabeth Cole; R & E, BB 31:19.
Sept. 12, 1964 - Highest fall single day count
(30); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; Steve Hanselmann; R & E, BB 31:18.
Sept. 20-21, 1963 - High count
(15); Tower kill; Columbia, Boone Co.; R & E, George 1963.
Sept. 24, 1960 - High count
(15); Tower kill; Columbia, Boone Co.; R & E, BB 28:9.
Oct. 2, 1964
(Female); Specimen (SEMO 220); Cape Girardeau, Cape Girardeau Co.; R & E.
Oct. 6, 1962
(5); Tower kill; Cape Girardeau, Cape Girardeau Co.; R & E, Heye 1963.
Nov. 16-28, 1980 - Latest fall record and only Nov. record
(1); St. Louis, St. Louis Co.; Mark Peters; R & E, NN 53:4.
Note: Any significant transient observations since R & E will be added at a later time.