Oct. 18-19, 2000 - Earliest fall record
(1st-cycle bird); Lake Jacomo, Jackson Co.; Ruth Simmons; 24th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-23. This bird was seen and reported at the time by several careful observers, but it was never documented until this year.

Nov. 6, 1997 - 2nd earliest fall record
(1st-winter bird); Creve Coeur Lake, St. Louis Co.; Charlene Malone; 11th Annual MBRC Report, 1998-07.

Nov. 15-16, 1980
(1st-cycle bird); Lake Springfield, Greene Co.; M. Thornburg, D. Jones et al; R & E, BB 48[1]:12.

Nov. 15, 1980
(1st-cycle bird); Squaw Creek NWR, Holt Co.; M. Newlon; R & E.

Nov. 19, 1983
(1st-cycle bird); Stockton Lake, (Cedar/Dad Co.'s); Tim Barksdale, JD, M. Goodman, et al; R & E, BB 51[3]:19.

Nov. 22, 1998 - One of few adults ever seen in MO
(Adult); Thomas Hill Reservoir, Randolph Co.; Edge Wade, Sandy Elbert, Jean Graebner, Bonnie Heidy, Sandra Kubal,
Jean Leonatti, Barbara Sapp; 12th Annual MBRC Report, 1998-82.

Nov. 23-24, 1992
(1st-basic); Color slide; near Columbia, Boone Co.; Linda Jacobs, Paul McKenzie, Doug Hardesty et al;
6th Annual MBRC Report, 1992-60.

Nov. 24, 2011
(1st-cycle bird); Photographed; Lake Wappapello, Wayne Co.; Chris Barrigar (documentation with photographs); 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-86.

Nov. 26, 1995
(1st-winter bird); Smithville Lake, Clay Co.; Bob Fisher; 9th Annual MBRC Report, 1995-86.

Nov. 27 - 29, 2004
(Juvenile/1st-winter bird); Photographed; Lake of the Ozarks - Bagnell Dam, Miller Co.; David Easterla, Kristi Mayo;
18th Annual MBRC Report, 2004-76.

R & E: 8 fall records, 4 away from the St. Louis area. The 4 records away from St. Louis area are listed above.

Dec. 7, 1996 - 3rd winter record away from the Mississippi River at St. Louis
(1st-winter bird); Photographed; Fellows Lake, Greene Co.; Greg Swick; 10th Annual MBRC Report; 1996-64.

Dec. 17, 2011 - 5th winter record away from the Mississippi River at St. Louis
(Adult); Maryville Sewage Lagoons, Nodaway Co.; David Easterla (documentation), Zach Hutchinson; 25th Annual MBRC Report, 2011-94.

Dec. 28, 1989 - 1st winter record away from the Mississippi River at St. Louis
(1st-winter bird); Stockton Lake; Cedar Co.; Mark Robbins; 3rd Annual MBRC Report, 1990-3, and R & E, BB 57[2]:104.

Dec. 30-31, 2007 - 4th winter record away from the Mississippi River at St. Louis
(1st-cycle); Thomas Hill Reservoir CA, Randolph Co.; Joe Eades, Susan Hazelwood; 21st Annual MBRC Report, 2008-2.

Jan. 7-8, 1977
(2, both 1st-cycle birds); Chain of Rocks, St. Louis Co.; David Easterla, Mark Robbins, Leo Galloway; R & E, BB 44[3]:25.

Jan. 21, 1995 - 2nd winter record away from the Mississippi River area at St. Louis
(1st-winter bird); Blue Springs Lake, Jackson Co.; Mike Beck and Lloyd Moore; 8th Annual MBRC Report, 1995-24.

R & E: Since 1967, this species has been recorded during the winter season on about 10 occasions along
the Mississippi River at St. Louis.

March 17, 1984
(1st-cycle bird); Springfield, Greene Co.; D. Thurman, Catherine Bonner; R & E.

April 7, 1991 - 1st state record of an adult and 3rd April record
(Adult); Videotaped; Schell-Osage CA, Vernon Co.; C. Hobbs, G. Griffith, T. Barksdale; 4th Annual MBRC Report, 1991-21.

April 15, 1984
(1st-cycle bird); Aldrich, (Polk Co.); C. Tyndall et al; R & E, BB 51[3]:12.

April 15, 1989 - Latest spring record
(1st-cycle bird); RMBS, St. Charles Co.; Bill Rowe et al; 2nd Annual MBRC Report, 1989-10, and R & E, BB 56[3]:90.

Spring of 1897
(1st-cycle bird); Specimen (no longer extant); near Kansas City, (Jackson Co.); J. Bryant; R & E, Harris 1919b.

R & E (1992): 6 spring records, 3 at the Alton Dam (now RMBS). The 3 away from Alton Dam (RMBS) are listed above.

Note: Data does not include all transient or winter resident observations from along the Mississippi River.

R & E (1992): With the exception of one record, a 2nd-winter bird, all records discussed in R & E are of 1st-cycle birds.