R & E: In the extreme south the first birds appear by mid-Apr, but they usually are not encountered until the final days of Apr in the north. The second week of Apr is normally peak.

April 11, 1983 - Earliest spring record
(Number observed not listed); Mississippi Lowlands; R & E, Widmann 1907.

April 21, 1922 - 2nd earliest spring record
(Number observed not listed); Kansas City, Jackson Co.; H. Harris; R & E, BL 24:223.

May 8 and 15, 1983 - Highest spring single day count
(17); Forest Park, St. Louis City; Randy Korotev; R & E.

R & E: Quite common summer resident in moist woodland and bottomland forest throughout the Glaciated Plains and along the Missouri and Mississippi river drainages where suitable forest still remains. Uncommon and more local elsewhere.

R & E: Relatively large numbers of migrants and more northern breeders, are seen during the latter half of Aug. and early Sept. It is decidedly less by mid-Sept., and only small numbers (1-2) are observed during the final two weeks of Sept. and the first week of Oct.

Aug. 20, 1978 - Highest single day count
(50); St. Louis; S. Hosler; R & E, NN 50:65.

Sept. 24, 1960 - Tower kill
(8); Columbia, Boone Co.; R & E, BB 28[1]:9.

Oct. 6, 1962
(Female); Specimen (SEMO 200); Cape Girardeau, Cape Girardeau Co.; R & E.

Oct. 10, 1904 - 2nd latest fall record
(Number not listed); Shannon Co.; No observer listed; R & E, Widmann 1907.

Oct. 13, 1981 - Latest fall record
(1); St. Louis; Barger; R & E, BL 33:413.

Dec. 27, 2003 - 1st winter record
(Female); Photographed; Mingo NWR, Stoddard Co.; Jude Vickery, Carrie Vickery, Jim Kelly, Bill and Debbie Reeves; 17th Annual MBRC Report, 2004-12.

Note: Any significant observations since R & E will be added at a later time.